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© Etienne Branquart, Belgian Biodiversity Platform
© Etienne Branquart, Belgian Biodiversity Platform
© Etienne Branquart, Belgian Biodiversity Platform
Rosa rugosa - Rugosa rose

French name:  Rosier rugueux
Dutch name: Rimpelroos
Family: Rosaceae
Group: Vascular plants
Origin: Asia
Habitat: terrestrial
Introduction:  agri- and horticulture
ISEIA Score : 12
Naturalization in Belgium
First observation in the wild: 1934
Invasion stage: spread
Spatial distribution: widespread
Reproduction in the wild: yes
Dispersion potential: high
Natural habitats: high
More on invasiveness: As in its native range, Rosa rugosa grows in Belgium in a diversity of dry coastal sand dune communities, from yellow unstable dunes to brown stabilised dunes with heathland. The species also occurs in various open ruderal habitats like road verges, railway embankments or waste ground (garden escape) but appears to grow less vigorously there. In Poland it is also found in dry meadows and shrubs as well as forest edges. Hips and seeds are dispersed over long distances by sea water and birds.
Distribution in Belgium
Established populations
absent from district
isolated populations (1-5 localities per district)
widespread (>5 localities per district)
Endangered areas
low risk
medium risk
high risk

Endangered Natura 2000 habitats ():
dune habitats: 21202130*2150*21702160
Impacts on Species
Predation / Herbivory: low
Competition: high
Disease transmission: likely
Genetic effects: medium
Impacts on Ecosystems
Nutrient cycling: high
Physical alteration: high
Natural successions: high
Food web alteration: low
More on impacts: Rosa rugosa forms extensive impenetrable thickets due to root and stem suckering. It displaces the natural flora of beach and dune vegetation and outcompetes early successional plant species in these habitats (Arenaria serpyllifolia, Empetrum nigrum, Festuca rubra, Veronica arvensis, Viola tricolor, etc.). Thickets of R. rugosa are species-poor, irrespective of the dune type in which the shrub has established. They change humus conditions, favour the installation of other neophytes like Lupinus polyphyllus and Parthenocissus inserta and alter habitat structure through shading effect and initiation of dune formation. They may also act as a reservoir for potential pest species like gall-forming insects. Hybrids with native Rosa species occur.
Data Source & References
Authors: Branquart Etienne, Vanderhoeven Sonia, Van Landuyt Wouter, Van Rossum Fabienne, Verloove Filip
Published on:  04 December 2007
Last update:  07 December 2010
Bleeker, W., Schmitz, U. & Ristow, M. (2007)
Interspecific hybridisation between alien and native plant species in Germany and its consequences for native biodiversity.
Biological Conservation 137(2): 248-253.
Bruun, H.H. (2005)
Biological flora of the British Isles: Rosa rugosa.
Journal of Ecology 93: 441-470.
Isermann, M. (2005)
Distribution and ecology of Rosa rugosa Thunb. in dune vegetation.
in: Abstract book of the EMAPI Conference (Ecology and Management of Alien Plant Invasions), Katowice: 62.
Isermann, M. (2008)
Classification and habitat characteristics of plant communities invaded by the non-native Rosa rugosa Thunb. in NW Europe.
Phytocoenologia 38 (1/2): 133-150.
Isermann, M. (2008)
Effects of Rosa rugosa invasion in different coastal dune vegetation types.
In: B. Tokarska-Guzik et al. (eds), Plant invasions: human perception, ecological impacts and management, Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, pp. 289-306.
Jørgensen R.H. & Kollman J. (2009)
Invasion of coastal dunes by the alien shrub Rosa rugosa is associated with roads, tracks and houses.
Flora 204, 289-297.
Kollman, J. et al. (2009)
Establishment and clonal spread of the alien shrub Rosa rugosa in coastal dunes—A method for reconstructing and predicting invasion patterns.
Landscape and Urban Planning 93: 194-200.
Kollmann, J., Frederiksen, L., Vestergaard, P. & Bruun, H.E. (2007)
Limiting factors for seedling emergence and establishment of the invasive non-native Rosa rugosa in a coastal dune system.
Biological Invasions 9:31–42.
Lambinon, J., Delvosalle, L. & Duvigneaud, J. (2004)
Nouvelle fore de la Belgique, du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg, du Nord de la France et des régions voisines.
Editions du Patrimoine du Jardin botanique national de Belgique, Meise.
Thiele, J., Isermann, M., Otte, A. & Kollmann, J. (2010)
Competitive displacement or biotic resistance? Disentangling relationships between community diversity and invasion success of tall herbs and shrubs.
Journal of Vegetation Science 21: 213-220.
Van Landuyt, W., Hoste, I., Vanhecke, L., Van den Bremt, P. Vercruysse, W. & De Beer, D. (2006)
Atlas van de Flora van Vlaanderen en het Brussels gewest.
Nationale Plantentuin en het Instituut voor Natuur- en Bosonderzoek i.s.m. Flo.Wer vzw.
Vanderhoeven, S., Dassonville, N. & Meerts, P. (2005)
Increased topsoil mineral nutrient concentrations under exotic invasive plants in Belgium.
Pland and Soil 275: 169-179.
Verloove, F. (2006)
Catalogue of the Neophytes in Belgium (1800-2005).
Scripta Botanica Belgica 39, 89 pp.
Weidema, I. (2006)
Invasive alien species fact sheet Campylopus introflexus and Rosa rugosa.
From online database of the North European and Baltic network on invasive alien species (NOBANIS).
Wittenberg, R. (2005)
An inventory of alien species and their threat to biodiversity and economy in Switzerland.
CABI Bioscience Switzerland Centre report to the Swiss Agency for Environment, Forests and Landscape. The environment in practice no. 0629: 155p.
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