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Mustela vison - American mink

Synonym: Neovison vison
French name:  Vison d'amérique
Dutch name: Amerikaanse nerts
Family: Mustelidae
Group: Mammals
Origin: North America
Habitat: freshwater, terrestrial
Introduction:  fur farming
ISEIA Score : 11
 
Naturalization
This species is not yet naturalised in Belgium.
Establishment potential in Belgium : high
It is already invasive in : Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Iceland, Ireland, Latvia, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Russian Federation, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom
Invasiveness
Reproduction in the wild: no
Dispersion potential: high
Natural habitats: high
More on naturalization and invasiveness: In its native and introduced ranges, the American mink is commonly found on brook and riverbanks with dense vegetation, damp forests, reed beds and marshes. It has established feral populations in many European countries as a result of escapes from fur farms. Males usually disperse further than females and can disperse up to 50 km from their natal home range, typically along water bodies. Whereas this species has already been observed in the wild several times in Belgium, it has not been reported to have developed viable populations so far.
Impacts on Species
Predation / Herbivory: high
Competition: likely
Disease transmission: likely
Genetic effects: unlikely
Impacts on Ecosystems
Nutrient cycling: low
Physical alteration: low
Natural successions: low
Food web alteration: likely
More on impacts: M. vison may severely reduce prey populations (salmonids, amphibians, waterfowl, rodents, etc.) and is a serious threat for red-listed ground nesting birds. It is also suspected of displacing its relative, the European mink Mustela lutreola, and the European polecat Mustela putorius. Escaped farm minks are also likely to favour the development of a number of diseases like Aleutian disease (parovirus). The American mink is included in the appendix to the recommendation no 77 of the Council of Europe as a species which has proved to be a threat to biological diversity and for which eradication is strongly recommended.
Data Source & References
Authors: Branquart Etienne, D'aes Margo, Manet Benoît, Motte Grégory, Schockert Vinciane, Stuyck Jan, Van Den Berge Koen.
Published on:  18 September 2007
Last update:  11 December 2013
References:
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